Amid the bitter cold and deep snows of midwinter, the wolf packs howled hungrily outside Native American villages. It was also known as the Old Moon or the Moon After Yule. Some tribes called it the Full Snow Moon.
The moon reaches fullness at 9:24 p.m. EST and will arrive at perigee (its closest point to Earth in its orbit) about 4.5 hours earlier, at 5:00 p.m. EST, at a distance of 221,559 miles (356,565 kilometers) from Earth. (A full moon that takes place during perigee is sometimes known as a supermoon.) Because the full moon coincides with perigee, it will appear to be the biggest full moon of 2018. In addition, very high ocean tides can be expected during the two or three days after peak fullness.
We have two supermoons this month, with the first falling on New Year’s Day – this is nicknamed the wolf moon.
Then, on January 31st, the so-called blue moon will arrive, which is also a supermoon.
The first full moon in 2018, which will be the biggest and closest supermoon of 2018, will occur on the night between January 1 and 2.
A supermoon occurs when a full moon coincides with the moon reaching perigee, which is the point of the orbit where the moon is closest to Earth.
The point farthest from Earth is known as apogee.
Full moons appear around 14 per cent larger and 30 per cent brighter when the phenomenon occurs, according to NASA.
The changes are hard to spot with the naked eye when the moon is high in the sky, but can cause dramatic impact as the moon rises or sets in the sky.
January Moon Names: Man Moon (Taos). Joyful Moon (Hopi). Avunniviayuk (Inuit). Quite Moon (Celtic). Ice Moon (San Juan). Cold Moon (Cherokee). Ice Moon (Neo-Pagan). Flying Ant Moon(Apache). Big Cold Moon (Mohawk). Cooking Moon (Choctaw). Strong Cold Moon (Sioux). Little Winter Moon (Creek). Her Cold Moon (Wishram). Cold Meal Moon (Natchez). Moon After Yule (Cherokee). Wolf Moon (Medieval English). Strong Cold Moon (Cheyenne). Quiet : Dark, Wolf : Full (Janic). Great Spirit Moon (Anishnaabe). Whirling Wind Moon (Passamaquoddy). Wolf Moon, Old Moon, Winter Moon, Yule Moon (Algonquin).