In 1895, Edward S Curtis, the prolific American photographer, took his first portrait of a Native American subject, a wrinkled elderly woman with a red handkerchief, paying her a dollar for the trouble. Later on, one of these portraits would make Curtis a widely decorated and internationally acclaimed photographer, but it his subject who has the most interesting story to tell. She was more than an old Native American woman with a weathered brow and downturned lips; she was Princes Angeline, the eldest daughter of Chief Seattle, and for many years a prominent link connecting Natives and settlers.
Princess Angeline in an 1896 photograph by Edward Sheriff Curtis
Born in 1820 in Lushootseed, near modern day Seattle, Kikisoblu (Kick-is-om-lo) was the first daughter of Chief Seattle, the leader of a Suquamish Tribe (Suquamish) and Dkhw’Duw’Absh (Duwamish). When American settlers arrived in Seattle, Chief Seattle befriended one of them, David Swinson “Doc” Maynard.
Princess Angeline circa 1893 by Frank la Roche
When the second wife of “Doc” Maynard, Catherine Maynard, saw the beautiful Kiksoblu, she said, “You are too good looking for a woman to carry around such a name as that, and I now christen you Angeline.”
In 1855, when Angeline was in her mid-30s, the U.S government, with the Treaty of Point Elliott, forced all the Suquamish Indians away from their land and onto a reservation. Rather than joining this exodus, Angeline refused to leave her home in Seattle and stayed in her waterfront cabin on Western Avenue, between Pike and Pine Streets, near what is now Pike Place Market. She gained the title “princess” because of her father, but also for her bold and dignified manner despite her situation.
Princess Angeline stayed true to her roots, but had to make a living, so she did laundry for the settlers and sold native handicrafts such as handwoven baskets that she made in the evening.
Princess Angeline was living in two worlds; one that was slowly fading away, of which she was the ghost, and the other where she was alone and poor.
Postcard of Princess Angeline and her home near the foot of Pike Street, Seattle, Washington
As Princess Angeline grew older she developed arthritis, but that didn’t stop her from her daily routines. She became a recognizable figure on the streets of Seattle, with a shawl and a red handkerchief over her head, and the locals became attached to her.
Following the steps of her father, Princes Angeline became a Christian and remained in the Roman Catholic Church until her death on May 31st, 1896. Princess Angeline, upon her death, was given a decent funeral in Seattle’s Church of Our Lady of Good Help. Her coffin was in the shape of a canoe.\
The Chronicle of Holy Names Academy reported:
May 29, 1896. With the death of Angeline Seattle died the last of the direct descendants of the great Chief Seattle for whom this city was named. Angeline—Princess Angeline—as she was generally called, was famous all over the world… Angeline was a familiar figure of the streets, bent and wrinkled, a red handkerchief over her head, a shawl about her, walking slowly and painfully with the aid of a cane; it was no infrequent sight to see this poor old Indian woman seated on the sidewalk devoutly reciting her beads. The kindness and generosity of Seattle’s people toward the daughter of the chief… was shown in her funeral obsequies which took place from the Church of Our Lady of Good Help. The church was magnificently decorated; on the somber draped catafalque in a casket in the form of a canoe rested all that was mortal of Princess Angeline.
Photograph by Darius Kinsey of Princess Angeline
Years after Princess Angeline died, her cabin was torn down, and the area became a part of the waterfront until Pike Place Market was formed.