Native American Tribes And Cultures

Pictogram marks of tribal head of the Six Nation on the agreement in which the Native Americans sold their property to the organizers of Pennsylvania. The Iroquois Confederacy, or Six Tribes incorporated The Mohowak, Onedia, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca and Tuscarora.

Customary Apache footwear, worn by a youthful Apache lady at a Sunrise Dance hung on the San Carlos Indian Reservation, Arizona, USA.

Situated on the Navajo Reservation in northern Arizona, Navajo National Monument incorporates a progression of homes developed by an old Pueblan assemble known as the Anasazis.

For a considerable length of time, Navajos and other Native Americans craftspeople have delivered top notch fleece from the downy of churro sheep, an uncommon type of creature initially presented by Spanish travelers.

Osceola drove a little band of Seminole warriors in imperviousness to the U.S. endeavors to the tribe from its local grounds amid the Second Seminole War (1835-1842)

Subsequent to discovering that Indian Territories in the United States were not untouchable to slave pillagers, some Black Seminole Indians moved to Mexico in 1849-50.

Customary Hopi kachina doll cut from cottonwood to speak to a Corn Maiden artist with a bushel of blue corn.

Blackfoot/Cree tribe part Charles Tailfeather, Sr. goes to the Red Earth Festival, a social occasion of Native American craftsmen and craftspeople.

At present under development, the Crazy Horse Memorial, situated operating at a profit Hills of South Dakota, will respect the legacy of the Oglala Lakota warrior and Native American pioneer.

Iroquois town including a bark longhouse, wigwams and an uncovered kayak average of the Six Nation tribes of the Northeast United States and parts of Canada.

As opposed to prevalent misconception, most Native American battling in a fight was finished with war clubs and not with bow and bolts.

President George W. Shrub signs the Executive Memorandum on Tribal Sovereignty and Consultation to pay tribute to the opening of the National Museum of the American Indian.

Over A Quarter Of Yellowstone’s Bison Are Set To Be Killed This Year!

Yellowstone National Park officials want to cap this winter’s cull of bison that migrate out of the park at a little more than a quarter of their August population count, according to a report they released late last week. In the park’s bison status report, officials made a suite of management recommendations for this winter, including capping the total bison killed through hunting and shipping to slaughter at 1,250.

Yellowstone National Park has long been a safe refuge for bison, but these populations are being targeted by governing authorities. Yellowstone’s biologists counted 4,816 bison at the park this past August, which is a major drop from the 5,500 counted in 2016. And now officials have ordered for the capture and slaughter of 1,250 of these remaining bison, which is over a quarter of the bison population in Yellowstone.

When pressed to explain the logic behind this senseless mass capture and slaughter, officials gave bogus excuses akin to those used for culling and slaughtering America’s wild horses – to protect cattle. Supporters of the bison hunt falsely claim that Yellowstone’s bison spread a disease called brucellosis to cattle, a claim that has been widely disproven by scientists.

Bison first contracted the disease from domestic cattle in the early 20th-Century, but the prevalence is now very small within herds, has little impact on the health of the wild animals, and there has been no single case of evidence that shows that wild bison have ever spread the disease to domestic cattle.

Yellowstone has been trying to set up a quarantine operation that would allow bison to be moved to tribal reservations as an alternative to slaughter. They’re holding a few dozen bison for that possibility, although it’s not yet clear when that program will be up and running.

In The 1920s, A Community Conspired To Kill Native Americans For Their Oil Money

Generations ago, the American Indian Osage tribe was compelled to move. Not for the first time, white settlers pushed them off their land in the 1800s. They made their new home in a rocky, infertile area in northeast Oklahoma in hopes that settlers would finally leave them alone.As it turned out, the land they had chosen was rich in oil, and in the early 20th century, members of the tribe became spectacularly wealthy. They bought cars and built mansions; they made so much oil money that the government began appointing white guardians to “help” them spend it.And then Osage members started turning up dead.

In his new book, Killers of the Flower Moon, David Grann describes how white people in the area conspired to kill Osage members in order steal their oil wealth, which could only be passed on through inheritance. “This was a culture of complicity,” he says, “and it was allowed to go on for so long because so many people were part of the plot. You had lawmen, you had prosecutors, you had the reporters who wouldn’t cover it. You had oilmen who wouldn’t speak out. You had morticians who would cover up the murders when they buried the body. You had doctors who helped give poison to people.”

On how the conspiracy worked
What makes these crimes so sinister is that it involved marrying into families. It involved a level of calculation and a level of betraying the very people you pretended to love. And the way these murders would take place is that people would marry into the families and then begin to kill each member of the family. … That’s exactly what happened to [Osage woman Mollie Burkhart]. She had married a white man, and his uncle was the most powerful settler in the area. He was known as the King of the Osage Hills … and he had orchestrated a very sinister plot played out over years where he directed his nephew, who had married Mollie Burkhart, to marry her so that he could then begin to kill the family members one by one and siphon off all the wealth.

On how Mollie Burkhart’s family was killed
One day in 1921, her older sister disappeared and Mollie looked everywhere for her and couldn’t find her. And about a week later, her body was found essentially in a ravine, decomposed. She’d been shot in the back of the head.Then just a few weeks later, Mollie’s mother began to grow increasingly sick. She seemed to be almost disappearing, withering in front of her. And within two months she, too, had died. And evidence later suggested that she had been secretly poisoned.Not long after that, Mollie was sleeping in her bed in her house with her white husband; they had a couple children. And she heard a loud explosion. She got up in panic and terror. … She had another sister who lived not far away, and in the area where her sister’s house was she could see almost this orange fire ball rising into the sky. It almost looked as if the sun had burst into the night. And her sister’s house had been blown up killing that sister as well as her sister’s husband and a servant who lived in that house.

On how far the conspirators went to cover up their crimes
Almost anyone who tried to investigate the killings — or at least stop them in the area — they, too, were killed. One attorney tried to gather evidence and one day he was thrown off a speeding train and all the evidence that he had gathered had disappeared. Another time, an oilman had traveled to Washington, D.C., to try to get help. … He checked into a boarding house in Washington, D.C. … He was then found the next day stripped naked. He had been stabbed more than 20 times; his head had been beaten in. The Washington Post at the time said what everyone at that point knew, which was there was a conspiracy to kill rich Indians.

On how authorities reacted to the deaths
It’s really important to understand back then that there was so much lawlessness. That was one of the things that shocked me when I began researching the story, that even in the 1920s much of America remained a country that was not fully rooted in its laws. Its legal institutions were very fragile; there was enormous corruption, particularly in this era and in this area. And the conspirators were able to pay off lawmen, they were able to pay off prosecutors. There was so much prejudice that these crimes were neglected.Mollie Burkhart beseeched the authorities to try to investigate, to get help, but because of prejudice they often ignored the crimes. And she issued money for a reward, she hired private investigators, but the crimes for years remained unsolved, and the body count continued to increase. By 1924 there were at least 24 murders alone. Finally, the Osage, in desperation, they issued a resolution, a tribal resolution, beseeching the federal authorities to help. And finally a then-very obscure branch of the Justice Department intervened. It was known as the Bureau of Investigation and it was what … would later be renamed the FBI.

On the FBI’s investigation
J. Edgar Hoover … was the new director, and it became one of the FBI’s first major homicide cases that it ever dealt with. … The bureau initially badly bungled the case. … [Hoover] turned the case over to a frontier lawman at the time who finally put together an undercover team that included … probably the only American Indian agent in the bureau at the time. They went undercover. … They were able, through some dogged investigation and at great danger, to eventually capture some of the ringleaders. And those ringleaders included not only Mollie Burkhart’s husband, it also included [his] uncle, a man who was seen as this great protector of the community.

On what the FBI missed in their investigation
The bureau was so anxious to wrap up the case that they ignored many, many other unsolved crimes and many, many other killers. … When you begin to look at the documents and you begin to collect the evidence from the Osage, it becomes abundantly apparent. I pulled some of the guardian papers and there was this little booklet that came out. It had a little fabric cover. All it was was essentially identifying the name of a guardian and which Osage they were in charge of. And when I opened up the book, I could see the name of the guardian and when I began to look at the names of the Osage under them I could see written next to many of them simply the word “Dead. Dead. Dead.” It was almost like a ledger; it was like this forensic, bureaucratic accounting.

But when you’re looking at it, you’re beginning to realize you’re looking at hints of a systematic murder campaign, because there’s no way all these people died in a span of just a couple years. It defied any natural death rate. The Osage were wealthy, they had good doctors. … And then when you begin to look into each of those individual cases, you start to find trails of evidence suggesting poisonings, a murder. You start to try to trace the money … and where the wealth went. And what you begin to discover is something even more horrifying than the bureau ever exposed.

Keystone Pipeline Leaks 210,000 Gallons Of Oil In South Dakota

A total of 210,000 gallons of oil leaked Thursday from the Keystone Pipeline in South Dakota, the pipeline’s operator, TransCanada, said.

Crews shut down the pipeline Thursday morning, and officials are investigating the cause of the leak, which occurred about three miles southeast of the town of Amherst, said Brian Walsh, a spokesman for the state’s Department of Environment and Natural Resources.

This is the largest Keystone oil spill to date in South Dakota, Walsh said. The leak comes just days before Nebraska officials announce a decision on whether the proposed Keystone XL Pipeline, a sister project, can move forward.

In April 2016, there was a 400-barrel release — or 16,800 gallons — with the majority of the oil cleanup completed in two months, Walsh said. About 5,000 barrels of oil spilled Thursday.

“It is a below-ground pipeline, but some oil has surfaced above ground to the grass,” Walsh said. “It will be a few days until they can excavate and get in borings to see if there is groundwater contamination.”

There were no initial reports of the oil spill affecting waterways, water systems or wildlife, he said.

The pipeline was shut down “within minutes” of the company discovering an irregularity, TransCanada said Friday. The spill has been controlled, the company said, with no further environmental impacts observed and no threat to public safety.

TransCanada said it was working with state and federal agencies.

“The safety of the public and environment are our top priorities and we will continue to provide updates as they become available,” the company said.

The Environmental Protection Agency is monitoring the situation and will provide resources and assistance if needed, a spokesman said.

“EPA is aware of the spill and is receiving periodic updates from the state of South Dakota, which is overseeing response activity at the spill site,” he said.

Concerns about the spill

The Keystone Pipeline system stretches more than 2,600 miles, from Hardisty, Alberta, east into Manitoba and then south to Texas, according to TransCanada. The pipeline transports crude oil from Canada.

The proposed Keystone XL Pipeline, which would stretch from Hardisty to Steele City, Nebraska, would complete the proposed system by cutting through Montana and South Dakota.

The sections of pipeline affected stretch from Hardisty to Cushing, Oklahoma, and to Wood River, Illinois, the company said.

The spill occurred in the same county as part of the Lake Traverse Reservation. The leak location is not on Sioux property, but it is adjacent to it and has historical value, said Dave Flute, tribal chairman for Sisseton Wahpeton Sioux Tribe.

“We want to know how long is it going to take to dig this plume of contaminated soil and how can we be reassured, without a doubt, that it has not and will not seep into the aquifer,” he said.

Flute, along with the tribal emergency management director and the manager of the tribal office of environmental protection, arrived Friday morning at the staging area of the leak site to meet with representatives from TransCanada. Flute said he was out there to offer assistance and to understand the cause of the leak and the environmental impacts it might pose.

“We want to find out, was there a crack in the pipe? We don’t know. We want to get that information,” Flute said. “More importantly, and to stay positive, they did clean up the site, they did contain it.”

Environmental activist group Greenpeace said the spill shows the new pipeline in Nebraska should not be approved.

“The Nebraska Public Service Commission needs to take a close look at this spill,” said Rachel Rye Butler of Greenpeace. “A permit approval allowing Canadian oil company TransCanada to build Keystone XL is a thumbs-up to likely spills in the future.”

New Keystone XL

In March, President Donald Trump’s administration officially issued a permit that approved construction of the Keystone XL Pipeline.

The approval followed years of intense debate over the pipeline amid hefty opposition from environmental groups, who argued the pipeline supports the extraction of crude oil from oil sands, which pumps about 17% more greenhouse gases than standard crude oil extraction. Environmentalists also opposed the pipeline because it would cut across the Ogallala Aquifer, one of the world’s largest underground deposits of fresh water.

Tar sands oil is much thicker and stickier than traditional oil, significantly complicating cleanup efforts. The fact it’s thicker also means it needs to be combined with other hazardous materials to allow it to be transported in pipelines.

Native American groups have argued the pipeline would cut across their sovereign lands.

Trump said the new pipeline will be a big win for American workers, but critics say it won’t be, because most of the jobs would be temporary.

Dakota Access Pipeline

TransCanada said Thursday that the section of the Keystone Pipeline that was leaking was isolated within 15 minutes after a drop in pressure was detected.

According to the South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources’ website, this is the third pipeline spill in the state this year. Another came in April when about 84 gallons of crude oil leaked from the controversial Dakota Access Pipeline in Spink County.

That pipeline, which runs through both Dakotas and two other states, drew fierce resistance from the Standing Rock Sioux tribe in North Dakota, the tribe’s allies and environmentalists.

Opposition to the pipeline sparked monthslong protests, with as many as 10,000 people participating during the peak of the demonstrations. Clashes with police at the protests turned violent at times, with one woman nearly losing her arm after an explosion last November.

Top Ten Most Evil Dictators Of All Time!

Some people make horrible decisions, others are just bad presidents, a few are bloodthirsty, many are extremists, a couple are warmongers, and all of these guys are a mix. Ten of our political leaders in the last 130 years have been the architects of the most horrific genocides, systematic murders, blockades, brutal wars, and policy reforms history has ever recorded.

Where to begin? Maybe an icebreaker for you next dinner party? Did you know the word “genocide” was coined in 1943 to describe when the Armenians were slaughtered haphazardly by Turkish leader Ismail Enver? Until then there was no specific word for it in our language.

It makes me think about how much more cognizant we’ve become in this last century to these events. So, a quick toast between you and I to a more peaceable future where less of what follows below is allowed to happen. Sit back, but don’t relax.

10. Yakubu Gowon (1.1 million deaths)

Breakdown: 1 million civilians on the wrong side of a blockade caused by a war of secession in Nigeria and 100,000 soldiers who died in that war.

It starts as many sad stories do with precious beautiful oil. It had been found in the Niger delta where tensions were already high between the Eastern region (led by Ojukwu) and the rest of the country (governed by Yakubu). A dummy agreement was signed between them called the “Aburi Accord”, but it meant nothing to either leader. Yakubu started to put pressure on the region, and tested how much sway he had in the area versus Ojukwu.

Well Ojukwu being no slouch declared secession from the rest of Nigeria and became the “Republic of Biafra”. This began a war that caused the deaths of 100,000 soldiers, and much worse, a blockade on the region which starved 1 million civilians.

9. Mengistu Haile Mariam (400,000 – 1.5 million deaths)

Breakdown: As president of Ethiopia and colonel of “the Derg” (communist militia) Mengitsu systematically killed those against him in the “Red Terror” campaign.

Mengistu Haile Mariam is (as in still alive) a politician who presided over Ethiopia from 1974 to 1991. The way he got into power was by smothering the previous president Haile Selassie although he has denied those rumors. His biggest claim to fame is the Ethiopian Red Terror which was a campaign of repression led by the Derg (communist militia in Ethiopia).

In his introductory speech Mengitsu yelled, “Death to counterrevolutionaries! Death to the EPRP!” Then he took three bottles filled with blood and threw them to the ground.

It was an auspicious beginning to say the least. Thousands were killed and found dead on the streets in the years that followed. Much of the murdering can be attributed to the friendly neighborhood watch there known as “Kebeles”. As if killing innocents wasn’t enough they would then charge the family a tax to return the dead body to them. The tax was aptly named “the wasted bullet”!

Are you serious Mengitsu? However there was an even more gruesome fate of being left on the street where wild hyenas would fight over the dead. The campaign has been described as one of the worst mass murders ever in Africa. Mengitsu is even known to have garroted people to death.

8. Kim Il Sung (1.6 million deaths)

Breakdown: Unpopular among his people Kim used the U.S. as a scapegoat and forced the country to believe in his delusion or else.

Before our very own Kim Jong-Il was his murderous father Kim Il Sung who led North Korea in a terrible direction. He fought for a command economy that allowed the government to make all decisions for the country. For various reasons the people never seemed to love the man, and so his hold on power was tenuous at best. Like most crazies he blamed somebody else, in this case the USA, and said they had spread disease throughout its population.

He also pulled a Stalin, and had large-scale purges. His underlying reason was that it would scare people into believing he was telling the truth. Kim’s purge was a little different than Stalin’s though in that there were no trials. During his tenure prison camps sprung up all over the country to contain the ever growing masses of people against Kim Il Sung.

7. Pol Pot (1.7 million deaths)

Breakdown: Forced city folk to relocate to farms and forced them into hard labor.

Pol Pot was the leader of the communist movement in Cambodia. He attempted to “cleanse” the country and it resulted in the death of an estimated 1.7 to 2.5 million people. There was an interesting policy going around called agrarian collectivization which he put into practice in the late 1970’s. Basically it forced city folk to head out to the farms to do some labor and vice versa for farmers. As you might guess, and hindsight is 20/20, neither group was very good at their new jobs. Pol didn’t stop at enslaving his own people though. He also didn’t feed them well, gave them little medical care, and executed many of them. The net result was killing off approximately 1/5 of the Cambodian population!

6. Ismail Enver Pasha (2.5 million deaths)

Breakdown: 1,200,000 Armenians (1915) + 350,000 Greek Pontians and 480,000 Anatolian Greeks (1916-22) + 500,000 Assyrians (1915-20)

He began his career as a Turkish military officer and leader in the Young Turk revolution. Eventually he rose to power and led the Ottoman Empire in both Balkan Wars and World War I. As a war minister Enver was not very useful, and was defeated over and over. His crushing loss at the Battle of Sarikamish needed a scapegoat, and that’s when he decided to blame Armenians for the failure. That is what began what is now known as the Armenian Genocide. The word “genocide” was coined to describe this event.

Etymology from Wikipedia:
Coined in 1943 by Raphael Lemkin (1900–1959), a Polish–Jewish legal scholar, to describe what the Turkish government (ca 1915–18) perpetrated against the Armenianpeople, now called the Armenian Genocide. From the stem of Ancient Greek (génos), “race, kind” or Latin “tribe, clan” (-cide).

5. Hideki Tojo (5 million deaths)

Breakdown: Waged unprovoked wars against China, USA, Netherlands, and France.

Hideki Tojo was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army. He assumed the position of Prime Minister and held Army Minister concurrently. As if that wasn’t enough he also held other major positions like Home Minister, Foreign Minister, Education Minister, and Commerce Minister. His major contributions to education were teaching militaristic and nationalist indoctrination. His version of homeland security was approving eugenicsmeasures which essentially made a distinction between pure blood and mixed blood Japanese families.

During World War II Tojo started winning battles and the public loved him for it. He really bought into the Nazi Kool-aid, and held steadfastly with Germany. When the tide turned, and he began losing, it was devastating. Eventually he went into seclusion. He was tried for war crimes and found guilty of waging wars of aggression, wars in violation of international law, and waging unprovoked war against many countries. Not to mention ordering, authorizing, and permitting inhumane treatment of Prisoners of War.

4. Leopold II of Belgium (2-15 million deaths)

Breakdown: Created a colony called the “Congo Free State”, enslaved its people, and forced them into labor plants.

Leopold II was the King of the Belgians, and believed in colonialism. He thought acquiring colonies overseas was essential to a great country and was always scheming. The problem was Belgium really didn’t care, and so Leopold went into business for himself. He started a company that seemed like it was doing good called the International African Society. A year later he used that company to travel to Congo, laid claim to a plot of land 14 times the size of Belgium, and made 14 countries agree (USA included) that he was free to rule it with his own private militia. He then forced the indigenous populations into forced labor, created a bustling rubber industry, and abused his workers grievously.

Missionary John Harris on returning from Congo said:
“I have just returned from a journey inland to the village of Insongo Mboyo. The abject misery and utter abandon is positively indescribable.”

Estimates of the death toll range from two to fifteen million which could all have been avoided if 14 countries didn’t hand him the keys to the car!

3. Adolf Hitler (17 million deaths)

Breakdown: Concentration camps and civilians in WWII.

Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Nazi Party. He was the absolute dictator of Germany from 1934 to 1945. He gained support by promoting values like German nationalism and anti-semitism. Hitler was appointed chancellor in 1933 and began the Third Reich. Hitler was power hungry as all hell, hated the shit out of Jews (and others), and wanted hegemony in Europe. The militarization that was needed to complete such a lofty goal led to the outbreak of World War II. Nazi forces engaged in the systematic murder of as many as 17 million civilians, an estimated six million of whom were Jews, and 1.5 million Romanis.

2. Jozef Stalin (23 million deaths)

Breakdown: The great purges and Ukraine’s famine.

Jozef Stalin was the first Secretary of the Communist Party from 1922 – 1953. After Lenin’s death in 1924, he became the leader of the Soviet Union. Stalin didn’t take long in launching a new economy that screwed up food production across the country so bad it caused massive famine. Between 1922-23 it reached such catastrophic proportions everything went to shit. In Ukraine this dark period is known as Holodomor.

Its widely believed that Soviet policies caused the famine there and was designed as an attack on Ukrainian nationalism. Estimates on the total number of casualties within Soviet Ukraine range from 2.6 million to 10 million! During the late 1930s Stalin launched another wonderfully titled initiative called the Great Purge (also known as the “Great Terror”). It was a paranoid campaign to kill off the people who opposed him, and his targets were often executed.

In 1939 Stalin agreed to a non-aggression pact with the Nazis. Eventually Germany violated the pact, the Soviet Union joined the allies, and they racked up 23.9 million deaths (the largest death toll in the war).

1. Mao Zedong (49-78 million deaths)

Breakdown: Policy reforms like the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution.

Mao Zedong was a Chinese revolutionary, political theorist, and communist leader who led the People’s Republic of China. Mao, while controversial, is still widely considered a savior of the nation. I did a semester abroad in China in 2001 after falling in love with its history, and was surprised in my conversations that many people thought Mao had done 70% – 80% good things.

During his first five years from 1949 – 53 he is said to have systematically killed between 4 to 6 million people by sentencing them to die or by sending them to “reform through labor” camps. He organized mass repressions, established execution quotas, and defended his actions in these early years as necessary for securing power for “The People’s Republic of China”.

His social programs the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolutionare two of the most ill-fated, poorly named, initiatives ever. The first was an effort to rapidly industrialize China. His focus was on making China a premier exporter of steel, and to this end he asked everybody to make it. The problem was it got many citizens to make smelting shops in their backyards. Not only was the steel of little value, but it was made from everything lying around the house including their own cooking supplies!

Without the tools to make food, no money coming in from the steel, and no money to survive ~ a lot of people starved to death. The estimates on this program alone are 20 million deaths! Think about that number. Really think about it. Then ask yourself… why would you EVER let someone back into power after such an insanely bad decision.Well, they took the reigns away from him for a short time.

In the interim Mao started the socialist education movement. He aimed the concept at young ones who would eventually wrest the power away from the older guard. By 1964 this movement was renamed the “four cleanups movement” whose goal was cleansing politics, economics, ideas, and organization of “reactionaries”. This led to the formation of the “Red Guards” who were organized to punish intellectuals and take out Mao’s political adversaries. The Cultural Revolution was now underway, and its overriding mission was to abolish: Old Customs, Old Culture, Old Habits, and Old Ideas.

Something Mao fervently believed in was that destruction and chaos could bring re-birth. So he told his followers to destroy buildings, sacred objects, talk back to ones elders, punish them, turn them in, and kill those who did not agree. By 1968 things were starting to look pretty good for Mao all over again, and so he put into place the decade long “Down to the Countryside Movement” which forced young intellectuals to move out to the country to become farmers. Sadly, the people he pushed out there were the same Red Guards who had helped him get power. Estimates of the death toll are between 40,000 – 7 million depending on who you ask.

Finally, there is the 100 flowers movement which just needs an abbreviated mention here. Mao asked people to come forth and tell him how he should govern China. Intellectuals and liberals bit at the chance to tell him what they really thought, and were encouraged by the Communist party to do so. Then in a sudden change of heart, or an incredibly crafty mission to out his haters, the government persecuted 500,000 of them who were considered to be “dangerous thinkers”.

Mao is essentially like that girlfriend/boyfriend who keeps on taking a shit on you, but is so damn charming you hardly notice. His policies and political purges from 1949 to 1976 caused the deaths of 49 to 78 million people.

Dakota Access Pipeline Confirms Fears, Leaks 84 Gallons Of Oil On Sacred Land

Exactly what the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe feared all along has happened: the Dakota Access Pipeline has reportedly leaked, local newspaper Watertown Public Opinion reports. According to officials, a “leaky surge pump” spilled 84 gallons of oil just north of Crandon, South Dakota in Spink County.It’s as if the countless protests to preserve sacred land and an entire community’s water supply meant nothing.

The leak reportedly occurred on Apr. 4, 200 miles south of where the heavily-reported Standing Rock protests took place, according to NBC News. It wasn’t until Tuesday (May 11) that the incident was reported due to its small size. The spill was reportedly a result of a mechanical failure, according to Brian Walsh, an environmental scientist with the Ground Water Quality Program of the South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources.

All of the oil reportedly leaked in a contained area, which was covered with special lining that does not allow anything to touch the soil, Vicki Granado, a spokesperson for pipeline developers Energy Transfer Partners, said.

The Sioux Tribe released a formal statement on their website on May 10, addressing the recent incident. “This is what we have said all along: oil pipelines leak and spill. Our lawsuit challenging this dangerous project is ongoing and it’s more important than ever for the court to step in and halt additional accidents before they happen – not just for the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and our resources but for the 17 million people whose drinking water is at risk,” the statement reads. It also called for the courts to “step in and halt additional accidents before they happen.”

Shortly after Donald Trump’s Inauguration, the president signed an executive order renegotiating the construction of the pipeline. After the bill was signed, authorities forcibly evacuated the remaining protesters.

Despite initial claims from Energy Transfer Partner, whom insisted it would be safe and leak-free, Rebecca Craven, program director at the Pipeline Safety Trust told NBC that “these kinds of spills do occur.” “Sometimes they’re contained on company property, and sometimes they do more damage as they escape off company property,” she explained.

The contaminated gravel and lining have reportedly been disposed of, and the pipeline company has launched a full investigation into the incident, NBC reports. The pipeline is not currently in use, which will allow the company to re-evaluate its construction. Nevertheless, if 84 gallons of oil can leak while it’s inactive, many fear the situation will only intensify.

Make A Fat-Burning Tea With Cinnamon, Ginger And Honey

A warm drink that fulfills your sweet tooth and averts weight pick up? Look no more distant than flame tea, a simple to-make drink that requires only three fixings: new ginger, cinnamon sticks, and honey.”It’s such a liberality, however regardless it keeps your weight off,” says Nagina Abdullah, a health master and organizer of Masala Body.That’s on the grounds that fusing more cinnamon into your ea

ting regimen could be uplifting news for your waistline. Inquire about recommends that flavors, for example, cinnamon, ginger, and nutmeg may help support satiety and copy sweetness; accordingly, they can help you cut back on sugar. Eating cinnamon has likewise been connected to better glucose direction, enhanced heart wellbeing, and cerebrum work.

What’s more, ginger is additionally viewed as a level paunch sustenance, since it helps absorption and may help with weight administration. In a recent report, scientists found that members who had a hot ginger refreshment after a supper felt more full.

Additionally great: notwithstanding being an eating regimen amicable drink, fire tea may have stomach related advantages too. New ginger may help quiet an agitated stomach and mitigate spasms. In the mean time nectar has been appeared to help mitigate resolute coughs.

The best part? This refreshment is super easy to make. Simply heat up the cinnamon sticks and crisp ginger in water for around 20 minutes, to give the flavors a chance to leak in. (“That is the place every one of the flavors and advantages turn out gradually,” clarifies Abdullah.)

Strain, then shower nectar into the tea for characteristic sweetness. You can blend an expansive clump right on time in the week and keep it in your ice chest, then warmth up a container when you’re prepared for a warm after-supper will feel like you’re ablaze with the mix of these fixings,” says Abdullah, including that while the refreshment isn’t zesty, it has a “sweet-fiery kick,” on account of the cinnamon.

Crazy Horse Memorial

About Crazy Horse
Born in 1840 along Rapid Creek, Crazy Horse rose to become one of the most powerful Lakota Indians, second only to Sitting Bull. He remains somewhat of a mystery as he lived a life of solitude. But this lone wolf left an intriguing legacy and inspired sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski to create the world’s largest mountain carving, right here in the Black Hills of South Dakota.

Crazy Horse has come to represent the freedom of the Native American spirit, roaming the wilds of the Great Plains. The carved mountain monument in his honor is intended to immortalize and commemorate the soul of all native people. It’s a tall order – so much so that its massive size seems fitting. Rising over 563 feet high, Crazy Horse Memorial will be one of the tallest monuments in the world once completed.

Work on the giant mountain carving began in 1948, with the face and outline now established as Crazy Horse gazes forever across the Black Hills. Because the ambitious project is far from complete, visiting the Crazy Horse monument site allows you to witness the creation of this amazing achievement.

Visit Crazy Horse Memorial
Crazy Horse Memorial is open daily and year-round, from 8:00 a.m. until dark during the summer months, and 8:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m. during the winter. The visitor complex includes a welcome center, restaurant, theaters, the Indian Museum of North America and the Native American Educational and Cultural Center. Fees: Adults $11, Carload $28, Motorcycles $5 per rider

FREE admission for: Children under 6, Native Americans, Crazy Horse Memorial Storytellers (donors), Military with active-duty ID, Boy Scout and Girl Scout Troops in uniform and Custer County residents.

Special Events At Crazy Horse Memorial
Special events throughout the year include:
– Crazy Horse Volksmarch on the first full weekend in June, opening a 10K route to hikers that winds around the base of the mountain and up onto Crazy Horse’s outstretched arm.
– Gift From Mother Earth Art Show is held mid-June and highlights the artwork, clothing, and jewelry of Native American and Western artists.
– Legends in Light starts at dark and is a good reason to linger under the night sky. During the summer, a nightly laser show dances across the face of the memorial, highlighting the Native American culture.
– In early October, the 10K hiking route opens once again for the Crazy Horse Autumn Volksmarch, giving visitors the chance to experience a woodlands ramble during the popular fall touring season in the Black Hills.

The Native American Healing Remedy That Kills Cancer

The Native Americans were on to something with this ruby berry…they used it as a healing remedy and food. It kills germs, speeds skin healing, and reduces fevers. And now, researchers have found it fights cancer. Best of all…it does what no mainstream cancer treatment has been able to do. It leaves healthy cells alone, targeting only cancer cells.

A study published in the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture showed the berry extract prevented cancer cells from breaking off and spreading to healthy cells.1 And it inhibited the growth of human lung, colon, and leukemia cancer cells. A study from Canada confirmed the berry’s cancer-fighting properties.2 Prostate cancer cells self-destructed when exposed to the berry extract.

You definitely don’t get the same results with chemo. The tart berry the Native Americans knew to be a powerful disease fighter? The cranberry, probably best known for treating urinary tract infections, cranberries are a powerhouse of antioxidants. Two flavanols found in cranberries are quercetin and ursolic acid. Both have shown to prevent inflammation and inhibit tumors.3

Cranberries also contain anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins (PACs). It’s these compounds that give the berry their scarlet color. They are also potent factors in cancer inhibition. Especially PACs. Cranberry PACs have a special structure that blocks enzyme activity and pathways leading to cancer.4 They also interrupt cell signaling that could be harmful to the body.

There are many ways to include cranberries in your diet. You can enjoy them fresh, dried, and frozen. You can even reap the benefits by enjoying a glass of 100 percent organic cranberry juice. Just make sure to check the label for no added sugar. And not from concentrate. When selecting fresh cranberries choose plump and firm to the touch. And don’t forget—the redder the better. The deeper the color, the higher the concentration of healing antioxidants.

Cranberries lose some of their nutritional value when cooked. So whenever possible, eat them fresh. If you don’t care for the taste or want to ensure you are getting the maximum health benefits, cranberry supplements are available. You can buy them in pill, liquid, or powder form.

10 Foods That Will Clean Your Arteries Naturally And Protect You From Heart Attacks

Doctors warn us of the dangers of having a heart disease, as one of the most deadly illnesses out there. We should do everything we can to prevent ourselves from getting such diseases. Usually this happens when the arteries are narrowed and clogged. This way, the blood flow is interrupted and the blood can’t go to the body parts or to the heart itself.

Some of the most common reasons for getting a heart disease and clogging the blood vessels are stress, no physical activity and bad diet. So, if you don’t want to suffer from them or experience a heart attack, we suggest you read on about these 10 foods you need to eat in order to have clean arteries.

1. Salmon fish

It’s good for your heart since it has a lot of fatty acids. Cardiologists claim that the two main reasons people suffer from heart diseases are high cholesterol and inflammation, so eating salmon fish will help you keep your cholesterol low.

2. Orange juice

Orange juice is healthy for your heart since it contains a lot of antioxidants and Vitamin C. This way, your blood pressure is kept normal and your blood vessels clean. Researchers have proven that all it takes is 2 glasses of orange juice for your body to absorb the minerals and vitamins it needs for the day.

3. Nuts

Like salmon fish, nuts also have a high quantity of fatty acids (unsaturated), and some Omega-3 fats. So, eating them will, too, help you with your cholesterol levels. However, nuts are not only good for the heart, since they are healthy for your joints (if you have some problems with them, you must consume nuts), as well as they will boost your memory.

4. Turmeric

Turmeric has an active compound called Curcumin, which is very good for us. If we often eat turmeric we will have a reduced tissue inflammation, as well as reduced overactive fat storage. There are 2 ways you can eat turmeric, one with adding the powder to your meals, and the other one with drinking it in liquid form.

5. Green tea

The reason why Green tea is good for the heart is the presence of the great antioxidant that’s contained in it, Catechin. Also, green tea has a lot of properties which will lower your cholesterol as well. Your metabolism will also be boosted with drinking green tea every day, and doctors recommend that you drink 2 cups.

6. Watermelon

Eating it will make your body produce more nitric oxide. Also, your blood vessels will be healthier. Also, there are a lot more benefits from it for your health, so consume it regularly.

7. Whole grain

The best grains to eat are oats, whole grain bread and brown rice. They contain a high amount of fiber and this helps you balance your cholesterol levels. Also, there will be less cholesterol in the inner walls of your arteries.

8. Cranberries

The reason why cranberries are good for your heart, is because they contain a lot of potassium, which lowers the cholesterol levels. Doctors say that if you drink 2 glasses of cranberry juice a day, you will have a 40% lower risk of heart attack.

9. Pomegranate

Pomegranate has a lot of phytonutrients, which are good for the production of nitric oxide. As a result, consuming it regularly will improve your blood circulation. It’s recommended that this fruit is added to salads when eating.

10. Avocado

Avocado is recommended by doctors because it contains a lot of fats, which balance your good/bad cholesterol ratio. As with pomegranate, it’s best to eat it with salads, but eating avocado with eggs is not bad either.